Last mile logistics is the least efﬁcient stage of the supply chain and comprises up to 28% of the total delivery cost.
- mpdi sustainability -
Last-mile deliveries are responsible for 25% of all urban transport related CO2 emissions.
- alice: urban freight road map -
Last-mile deliveries account for 30% of road congestion.
- PWC -
51% of all motorised trips in European cities that involve transport of goods could be shifted to bikes or cargo bikes.
- cyclelogistics.eu -